What are the five stages of treatment?

The five stages of addiction recovery are precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action and maintenance. Read on to learn more about the different stages. In 1977, James Prochaska and Carlo Di Clemente developed the Stages of Change model, which evaluates a person's readiness to enter recovery and provides strategies or processes of change that guide the person to take action. The Stages of Change model is useful in helping treatment professionals and family members better understand an addict's motivation to recover.

During the pre-contemplative stage of change, people are not considering the need for change and, therefore, are not interested in seeking help. At this stage, the addicted person is likely to become defensive and rationalize drug and alcohol use. By working with an individual in the pre-contemplative stage, the recovery team helps the client move toward contemplation by helping them adjust their approach to control (i.e., to be more aware of the real consequences of their addiction). The treatment team will also use motivational interviewing techniques to help the client consider the possibility of a change.

During the preparation phase, people have committed to making a change. Often, clients will unconsciously try to skip this stage and jump straight into action; however, it is important that the treatment team support the client in inadequate preparation to take action. During this stage, counselors will train the client to gather information about potential change options, seeking recovery supports that meet their personal interests. In a holistic treatment approach, as found in Journey Pure, the treatment team will continue to support the change preparation stage once the client enters treatment and will develop a personalized treatment plan for each client that best suits their individual needs.

At the action stage, people believe that they have the capacity to change and are actively involved in taking measures for recovery. This is the stage where the education, coping strategies, and interpersonal communication skills offered in treatment help reinforce the client's personal recovery. The client is immersed in the tasks, personal inventories, and relapse prevention work to ensure a successful transition from treatment to recovery. Each stage requires different strategies to effectively treat each individual.

This has caused these stages to gain recognition among therapists. While there are five stages (precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and maintenance), they can also be divided into early, middle, and late stages of recovery. Understanding the five stages of addiction recovery can be helpful for people who are addicted and their family members. People who are in the first stage of addiction recovery are not yet ready for any addiction treatment program.

While addiction affects each person in different ways, the five stages of addiction recovery are a general guide to how even casual use can transform into behavior that cannot be easily controlled.