Understanding the 5 Main Drug Categories

Drugs can be divided into five main categories: depressants, stimulants, opiates and opioids, hallucinogens, and marijuana. Each of these substances has its own unique effects on the body and mind, and can be used for both recreational and therapeutic purposes. Stimulants are drugs that produce a feeling of euphoria and excitement, increase activity, and suppress appetite. Examples of stimulants include amphetamines, methamphetamine, and cocaine.

However, these drugs can also cause a number of negative effects such as vomiting, chest pain, and tremors. Depressants are drugs that induce a feeling of sleep and relaxation when ingested. These medications are often used to treat chronic anxiety, but when abused they can lead to memory loss, cognitive dysfunction, and confusion. Common depressants include benzodiazepines, barbiturates, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), and rohypnol.

Hallucinogens are substances that distort the user's sense of reality and the surrounding environment. They can also make time seem to pass very slowly. Some users may experience intense paranoia or psychosis when using hallucinogens. This class of drugs includes LSD, MDMA, ketamine, psilocybin mushrooms, and peyote.

Marijuana is a drug that induces a sense of pleasure when smoked or ingested. In high doses it can cause delusions and hallucinations. While marijuana is illegal at the federal level, some states have legalized or decriminalized it for either recreational or medical use. At the end of the day, it doesn't matter what type of drug someone is addicted to - everyone who has a drug addiction needs help.

That's why we approach drug addiction with holistic methods that treat the whole person, focusing on their mental health with proven strategies that help break the cycle of addiction and prevent relapse.