What are the 5 main drug categories?

The following categories of drugs include recreational and illicit drugs and include depressants, stimulants, opiates and opioids, hallucinogens, and marijuana. Stimulants have the opposite effect on the body compared to narcotics. These drugs cause a feeling of euphoria and excitement, increase activity, and suppress appetite. They also cause a number of negative effects, such as vomiting, chest pain, and tremors.

Amphetamines, methamphetamine, and cocaine are classified as stimulants. As the name implies, depressants induce a feeling of sleep and relaxation when ingested. Many of these medications are used therapeutically to treat problems such as chronic anxiety. However, when abused, they cause effects such as memory loss, cognitive dysfunction, and confusion.

Depressants include benzodiazepines, barbiturates, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), and rohypnol, which are often used in conjunction with sexual assaults. Hallucinogens are substances that distort the user's sense of reality and the surrounding environment. They also seem to alter time, making the person feel that time is progressing very slowly. Some users experience serious psychological effects, such as intense paranoia and psychosis.

This class of medications includes LSD, MDMA, ketamine, psilocybin mushrooms, and peyote. Marijuana induces a sense of pleasure when smoked or ingested, while affecting memory and perception. In high doses it can cause delusions and hallucinations. While marijuana is illegal at the federal level, some states have legalized or decriminalized it, whether for recreational or medical use.

We approach drug addiction with holistic methods that treat the whole person, focusing on their mental health with proven strategies that help break the cycle of addiction and prevent relapse. While knowing what specific type of drug you or a loved one is addicted to can help with treatment, it ultimately doesn't matter because everyone, regardless of their drug or drugs of choice, who has a drug addiction needs help.