Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a powerful tool for those struggling with addiction and substance abuse. This form of therapy focuses on changing thoughts and beliefs, which can help to modify behavior that leads to substance use. Studies have shown that CBT is effective in treating addiction, with some research indicating that it is more effective than other treatment approaches. The National Institute on Drug Abuse recognizes CBT and its related skills and techniques as effective modalities of psychotherapeutic treatment.
In clinical trials, CBT for addiction has been found to be in the top 10% of treatment modalities for its effectiveness and the quality of methodologies used. Contingency management approaches have been found to have larger effect sizes in relation to relapse prevention or other cognitive behavioral treatments. However, CBT is most effective when combined with other efforts, such as residential treatment for substance use disorder. Research on the duration and intensity of CBT is mixed, with some correlational studies indicating a positive relationship between longer duration and positive outcome, while others indicate that there are no differential effects of treatment duration.
CBT can be a very effective tool for those suffering from addiction. It can help to identify triggers and provide skills and techniques to help manage them. When combined with other treatments, such as residential treatment for substance use disorder, CBT can be an invaluable tool in promoting and assisting long-term recovery.