Alcohol (ethyl alcohol or ethanol) is a chemical substance found in both wine beer and hard spirits which often cause intoxication. Alcohol is normally produced by yeast cells within the human body when yeast fungi called micro-organisms are able to take up an oxygen supply. For instance, wine is created from yeast cells in the grape fruit, beer is created from yeast cells in the mash and cider is made by yeast cells on the toast. The alcohol is then separated out into the liquid, which goes through a distillation process. The alcohol evaporates and the water stays as a clear, colorless and odorless liquid which is called alcohol.
Alcoholism is defined as a state in which the individual has repeated alcohol drinking practices despite adverse health, social or other consequences. A major part of the disease is characterized by compulsive and uncontrolled consumption of alcohol even in the presence of others and causing many detrimental and irreversible effects to the health, even death. People who abuse alcohol are known as alcoholics and alcohol abusers. Drinking alcohol causes damage to the liver, brain, heart, lungs and bones; it can cause various forms of cancer including colon, breast, ovarian, nasal, pancreatic and cervical cancer. It can also result in impairment of thinking, coordination, breathing and reflexes and cognitive dysfunction.
Alcohol can affect mood, sleep patterns, eating habits, sleeping and working habits and can also affect a person’s performance at work and at home. This is due to the depressant effect of alcohol on the central nervous system. Alcohol induces the neuro-transmitters serotonin and dopamine, which play an important role in the activity of the reward pathway in the brain. This is the reason why after heavy drinking it becomes difficult to focus and concentrate, it makes people happier and less productive at work.
Alcohol use and abuse also result in increased incidences of heart diseases, cancers of the colon, breast, ovarian, gastrointestinal tract, throat, liver, esophagus, kidney, liver, lung, gall bladder and cervical cancers. It can cause problems with conception and could have long-term effects on fertility. Many women experience infertility due to the effect of alcohol on their fertility. Women in their 30’s have an increased risk of suffering from liver cirrhosis, which is a life-threatening disease. Heavy drinking can lead to the premature death of the fetus if it is not stopped in the very early stages of its development. Studies show that alcohol use and abuse have caused several different kinds of cancers.
There are three different kinds of alcohol – whiskey, gin and beer. Gin is distilled from alcohol through the process of mashing, which leaves behind the alcohol, sugar and water. The highest in concentration of alcohol, Gin is usually served in highballs or in shot form. One needs to be careful while mixing the gin with any other spirits because the mixture will turn foul quickly.
Most of the alcohol we drink is a mixture of alcohol and sugars. This combination is called alcohol. The main constituent of alcoholic drinks is fermentation, which releases the carbon dioxide from the beverage. Fermentation also results in some of the flavours we recognise as alcohol. Some of the most common fruits that contribute to the fermentation process are grapes and cranberries.
The main component of alcoholic beverages that is removed during distillation is ethanol, which is known as ethyl alcohol. One needs to be careful when mixing ethanol with any other ingredients as the two substances may produce undesirable results. One can purchase ethyl alcohol at stores available throughout the country. Other products like brandy and rum are also sold in supermarkets and saloons, with the former being a blend of alcohol and spirit whereas the latter is a blend of both. People can buy these products easily and cheaply.
Most of the ethyl alcohol is distilled away before it undergoes further fermentation. The remaining product is called butyric acid. When the butyric acid comes into contact with yeast, it produces carbon dioxide and then alcohol. It is this alcohol that we usually refer to as whiskey, brandy or rum. In order to get the best results from any alcoholics, the amount of spirits to be used should be calculated carefully.